The aim of the "3DSunTrack" study is to analyze the possible three-dimensional deformation of fiber-reinforced composites (FRPs) with the aim of using them in moving systems based on compliant mechanisms. At the same time, solar tracking of photovoltaics (PV) is to be used to identify opportunities for higher energy harvesting or new ideas for optimizing energy harvesting. An application example is the façade surface, which has not been used for energy harvesting so far.
Through simulations in the project it could be shown that the solar harvest of a façade can be significantly increased by a biaxial tracking compared to a static module or the uniaxial tracking. However, the work done in this study is only the beginning of a comprehensive research on solar tracking systems for energy harvesting in architecture. The results serve as a basis for future research in this field, as, for example, further tests need to be carried out, especially with regard to PV performance in different scenarios over a longer period of time, in order to compare real PV performance with simulation results.
The 1.5-year study also demonstrated that fiber-reinforced composites are suitable for the technical implementation of compliant mechanisms with the potential for three-dimensional deformation. Within test series, in which different material structures and arrangement of the actuators were realized and the bending angle was measured during two-dimensional deformation, it could be proven that the consumption of pneumatic air pressure can be reduced by the mentioned factors and thus the energy efficiency of adaptive FRP systems can be increased. In this context, a new arrangement of the actuators was also established, which allows deformation of the elements in both directions by up to 90°, correspondingly a rotational movement by 180°.
September 2021 – March 2023
DITF German Institutes of Textile and Fiber Research Denkendorf
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Markus Milwich, Patrick Kaiser
ITFT Institute for Textile and Fiber Technologies
University of Stuttgart
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Götz T. Gresser, Dr.-Ing. Larissa Born
ITKE Institute of Building Structures and Structural Design
University of Stuttgart
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Jan Knippers, Edith Anahi Gonzáles, Axel Körner
This research was funded by the Deutsche Bundesstiftung Umwelt (German Federal Foundation for the Environment) as part of the study "3DSunTrack – Study on the development of three-dimensional preformable fiber-reinforced composites with the application goal of a solar tracking module" [grant number 37732/01 24/2].